Types of Chef Knives to Have in Your Kitchen

types of chef knives

Most home cooks manage almost all of their daily kitchen tasks using a chef’s knife. In fact, it is one kitchen tool that is always present in every kitchen.

A chef’s knife, also known as a cook’s knife, is primarily the go-to kitchen cutting tool by many chefs and casual home cooks.

Generally, most chef’s knives have a standard length of eight inches and a width of one and a half inches.

These measurements make it easier for the chef to let the knife move back and forth on the cutting surface.

Over the years, different types of chef knives have emerged for all cooking aficionados, giving them the option to choose which one they like.

What Is a Chef's Knife?

Before we continue and talk about the different types of a chef’s knife, let us first understand what a chef’s knife is.

Chef’s knives are typically long and generally range from between six and 10 inches in length. They have a pointed tip and a curved midpart.

This all-purpose knife is moderately flat near the heel to allow quick and effortless chopping and cutting.

There are two types of blades used in chef’s knives, which are also referred to as profiles. Below is a brief description of each one.

Chef’s Knife Profile

Chef’s knives are characterized by two blade profiles, namely German and French. These are differentiated by the shape of the edge.

German Profile 

A German knife’s blade is more massive. It has a pronounced curve along the middle part of the cutting edge, allowing it to move back and forth effortlessly.

On the other hand, the spine of the blade is usually flat, straight, and sturdy for accuracy and excellent balance.

French Profile

The French blade’s profile is usually thinner and more lightweight. It comes with a noticeable curve towards the tip.

The blade’s shape gives excellent control of the knife for more accurate food cuts and slices.

Types of Chef Knives

A chef’s knife is probably the most vital cutlery piece in all kinds of kitchen, whether it’s a commercial or a domestic one.

Generally, chef knives are moderately large and constructed for fast and easy chopping of ingredients for more efficient meal preparation.

In recent years, different versions of the chef’s knife became available. They come from various regions and have their own set of distinct features.

Below are some other types of a chef’s knife and how they differ from the Western version.

Gyuto

Gyuto is a Japanese term that means “beef knife.” It is their version of a chef’s knife that uses the French profile for a blade.

Back then, Gyutos were single-edged knives popular in Japanese kitchens. However, they eventually adopted the double-beveled blades from Western countries.

Japanese blacksmiths began producing kitchen knives when the demand became high from the Western countries.

Gyuto is a bit thicker than the one from the West, but that is where the difference stops as they look and function the same.

types of chef knives

Santoku

Santoku is another Japanese version of the chef’s knife from West. The only difference is that it has a shorter and thinner blade, making it lightweight.

Santoku is a Japanese term for “three virtues” or “three uses,” which is sometimes interpreted as dicing, slicing, mincing.

This all-purpose Japanese knife also functions as a chef’s knife, which makes it handy in the kitchen.

It has a flat blade that does not allow the rocking motion typical to a chef’s knife. As such, it is not ideal for mincing jobs, but perfect for slicing thin pieces of vegetables.

Some Santoku knives have dimples on its blade so that it can cut through different types of ingredients while preventing the food from sticking to the edge.

Chinese Chef’s Knife

The Chinese chef’s knife, also known as “chukabocko” in Japanese, is comparable to a meat cleaver, though more on the delicate side.

Generally, Chinese cooks are known to use one knife when preparing food, and their all-around kitchen tool is a sizeable, square-tipped Chinese chef’s knife.

This lightweight knife has exceptional versatility. It can chop, mince, slice, and even scoop the food, among many other things.

Primarily, this kitchen tool is a vegetable knife that you can use for chopping. However, it also acts as a slicing knife that can produce tiny pieces of meat.

The Chinese chef’s knife that looks like a meat cleaver is not ideal for hacking large bones. This is because its thin blade is meant only for chopping and slicing.

The generous size of this knife’s blade lets you scoop up food like a spatula, while the flat and wide edge is perfect for crushing garlic, nuts, or ginger.

Kitchen Knife Essentials

You may be tempted to buy a block of knives as it looks good on your countertop, but the truth is, you can save the money and only buy what you need.

Here are the most useful knives to have in your kitchen:

1. Chef’s Knife

This knife tops the list of the most functional knife in your kitchen, whether you choose an eight or 10-inch variety.

Every kitchen must have a chef’s knife, as it can do almost every task you can think of when preparing meals.

2. Paring Knife

A paring knife usually measures two and a half to four inches long. It has a plain blade that is ideal for peeling fruits and vegetables.

This all-purpose knife is the perfect choice for doing small and delicate tasks in the kitchen that your chef’s knife is not capable of doing.

3. Serrated Bread Knife

As the name implies, this knife is used for cutting bread, as it can correctly produce a nice slice without crushing or damaging it.

Some cooks use this knife for slicing tomatoes. If you are one of them, make sure to wash and dry the blade right after. Tomatoes are acidic and may damage the edge quickly.

A bread knife usually measures anywhere between six and 10 inches in length.

4. Slicing or Carving Knife

A slicing or carving knife is the same; it has a straight, long blade with a round tip that is generally thinner than regular chef’s knives.

This knife is typically used to slice thin and uniformed pieces of cooked meat and poultry or to fillet a fish.

Conclusion

Knowing the different types of chef knives and how each one functions is immensely helpful in your meal preparation.

As a home cook, you can tackle every kitchen task using only the best chef’s knife as your companion.

Still, if you wish to make your meal prep job quicker and easier, you can always invest in other types of knives.